Poincare series for the algebras of joint invariants and covariants of $n$ quadratic forms

N. B. Ilash

Abstract


We consider one of the fundamental problems of classical invariant theory - the research of Poincare series for an algebra of invariants of Lie group $SL_2$. The first two terms of the Laurent series expansion of Poincare series at the point $z = 1$ give us important information about the structure of the algebra $\mathcal{I}_{d}.$ It was derived by Hilbert for the algebra ${\mathcal{I}_{d}=\mathbb{C}[V_d]^{\,SL_2}}$ of invariants for binary $d-$form (by $V_d$ denote the vector space over $\mathbb{C}$ consisting of all binary forms homogeneous of degree $d$). Springer got this result, using explicit formula for the Poincare series of this algebra. We consider this problem for the algebra of joint invariants $\mathcal{I}_{2n}=\mathbb{C}[\underbrace{V_2 \oplus V_2 \oplus \cdots \oplus V_2}_{\text{n times}}]^{SL_2}$ and the algebra of joint covariants $\mathcal{C}_{2n}=\mathbb{C}[\underbrace{V_2 {\oplus} V_2 {\oplus} \cdots {\oplus} V_2}_{\text{n times}}{\oplus}\mathbb{C}^2 ]^{SL_2}$ of $n$ quadratic forms. We express the Poincare series $\mathcal{P}(\mathcal{C}_{2n},z)=\sum_{j=0}^{\infty }\dim(\mathcal{C}_{2n})_{j}\, z^j$ and $\mathcal{P}(\mathcal{I}_{2n},z)=\sum_{j=0}^{\infty }\dim(\mathcal{I}_{2n})_{j}\, z^j$ of these algebras in terms of Narayana polynomials.

 

Also, for these algebras we calculate the degrees and asymptotic behavious of the degrees, using their Poincare series.


Keywords


classical invariant theory, invariants, Poincar\'e series, combinatorics

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