TAX PLANNING IN THE ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

OLHA ZHUK, ANTONINA TOMASHEVSKA

Abstract


The differences between the concepts of “tax planning”, “tax minimization” and “tax optimization” are investigated and it is established that tax minimization is the maximum reduction of all taxes, tax optimization is the achievement of a proportion between all aspects of an entity's activity; tax planning The system of measures of the enterprise is directed to the maximum use of the current legislation for the purpose of legal optimization of payments. It has been determined that the ways to reduce the tax burden include tax benefits, preferential taxation and the possibility of choosing a simplified system of taxation by small business entities. The levels and requirements to be followed in tax planning are identified and substantiated: organization of accounting and tax accounting, examine tax law, determine the list of benefits, correct accrual and timely payment, using legal methods to reduce the tax burden.

The methods which are applied in tax planning are substantiated: current internal control, preliminary tax examination, comparative analysis.

It is determined that tax planning is influenced by certain factors: the sphere of the activity in which the entity operates, the types of activity  it is engaged in; status of belonging to a legal or natural person;  the purpose of tax planning and the possibility of applying tax benefits. The tax planning system should be formed in accordance with principles: compliance with tax law; justification of the feasibility of applying the tax system; prompt response to changes in tax law; use of tax planning methods; use favorable tax regimes. Tax planning spends efforts on the following functions: analytical, accumulation, distribution, control.

It is established that the assessment of the effectiveness of the enterprise tax policy should be made through a system of indicators: the level of tax burden on the enterprise; the level of influence of tax planning on the magnitude of the enterprise's tax liabilities and the effectiveness of the enterprise's tax planning and tax policy in general. Effectively organized tax policy at the enterprise will help improve the results of the enterprise. Tax planning should be an integral part of the overall planning of the enterprise.


Keywords


tax planning, tax minimization, tax optimization, tax evasion.

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