Dutchak H.I. THE USE OF HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ETHNIC TOURISM IN CEE COUNTRIES (BASED ON THE EXAMPLE OF UKRAINE, POLAND AND SLOVAKIA).

О.І. Дутчак

Abstract


Ethnic tourism has long since become a popular trend in the structure of world tourism. Many countries have gained an important and interesting experience in the development of ethnic tourism. In many countries there is a stable growth of this type of tourism. The study of international experience is particularly important for the development of ethnic tourism in Ukraine. Most of ethnic tours have been formed on the basis of Ukrainian ethnographic museums. Ethnographic festivals also play a certain role in the development of ethnic tourism. Numerous ethnographic open-air museums, museum complexes, folk holidays and festivals form the basis for ethnic tourism in Poland and Slovakia. They attract a lot of domestic tourists as well as foreign visitors. The main activities of ethnographic museums are carrying out various ethnographic measures and exhibiting artifacts that represent authentic material culture. Long traditions of carrying out festivals and other ethnographic events, a high level of logistic, fi nancial and infrastructure support contribute to attracting a large number of visitors to museums. Ukraine has much brighter ethnic diversity, better historical, cultural and ethnographic potential than Poland and Slovakia. However, its popularization and use for the needs of ethnic tourism are being carried out much weaker than in Poland and Slovakia. The use of foreign experience will stimulate the development of tourism industry in the territory of Ukrainian ethnographic regions.

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