POLITICAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF UKRAINIAN SCHOOLS IN GALICIA (1772–1918)

J. Moklak

Abstract


The development of Ukrainian educationin the years 1772–1918 can be dividedinto three periods: reforms of the 1770s and1780s, schools in the first half of the nineteenthcentury and education in the era ofautonomy. In 1787, by imperial decree, theStudium Rutenum was established in Lviv atthe University, taught in the Rusyn (Ukrainian)language. During the Springtide ofNations, both Poles and Rusyns undertookefforts to spread the use of their nationallanguages in public discourse throughoutGalicia. Poles awaited the introduction ofPolish into schools, while Rusyns spoke outin favor of Ukrainian.In 1861 Rusyns managed to elect a significantnumber of their own deputies to theDiet of Galicia and Lodomeria, but before1905 there existed only five state-fundedtraditional grammar schools where the languageof instruction was Ukrainian (in Lviv,Przemysl, Kolomyia, Ternopil and Ivano-Frankivsk [then Stanislaviv]). When in 1905a Ukrainian grammar school was foundedin Stanislaviv, two motions were presentedin the Diet demanding the creation of additionalgrammar schools with Ukrainianinstruction in Berezhany and Sambir. However,only in 1914 based on a decision ofthe Galician Diet was created several newUkrainian schools (in Zbarazh, Horodenka,Yavoriv, and others).

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