ETHNIC LANDSCAPES OF HUZULSCHYNA: PROBLEMS OF ITS FORMATION AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHES.

О.І. Дутчак

Abstract


On the pagesof the article the author outlines the conceptof ethnic and cultural landscape as relation-ЕТНОЛАНДШАФТИ ГУЦУЛЬЩИНИ: ПРОБЛЕМИФОРМУВАННЯ ТА НАУКОВОГО ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ О.І. Дутчак104 КАРПАТСЬКИЙ КРАЙ № 1-2 (6-7)ship between naturally defined geographicalenvironment and the development ofcultural and commercial complex on theexample of Hutsul ethnic groups. The conceptof «etnic landscape» is not limited tomaterial substance, and includes a semanticlayer created by ethnic groups and recordedin folklore and local names. Hutsul ethniclandscape in terms of territorial isolation isformed. Formation of ethnic landscapes isconnected with the elaboration of ethnicityin certain adaptations to the environment,manifested in the creation of certain waysof nature.The scientific literature considers theethnocultural landscape as a natural andcultural territorial complex that developsspecific physical and geographical, culturaland historical conditions. The main studiedtype of cultural landscape here is rustic,because it reflects the ethnic and nationalaspects of the interaction of man and naturethe best.Intercommunication of material andspiritual cultures of individual ethnicgroups depends on their natural and geographicalconditions of residence. One ofthe promising ways for preservation Hutsulethno-cultural landscape is the developmentethnic tourism ─ the way to get acquaintedwith certain ethno-cultural environment, itsoriginal features, traditions, handicrafts,lifestyle and culture.

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