В.М. КЛАПЧУК, Т.Ю. Скрип


The traditionalhousing construction in the Hutsul area inthe second half of the XIXth – in the earlyXXth century has been analyzed in the article.There were two types of building estates- open and closed courtyards. Amongthe open courtyards existed free built yards,L-shaped and U-shaped yards. Constructionof roofed courtyards was fragmentary.Architectural elements and their designin dwelling houses and outbuildings havebeen characterized. The author describesin detail the interior of dwelling houses andoutbuildings. The spatial design of estates,outbuildings, fences and entrance gates hasbeen outlined.Much attention is paid to grazhda as atype of building, which is an original elementof settlements in the Hutsul area. Dependingon the specific conditions of the area and theowner’s wealth grazhdas had different sizesand number of outbuildings. Most simplegrazhdas consisted of a dwelling house ofdifferent size and an open courtyard witha roofed wall. This type of grazhdas oftenhad shelters only on both sides of a dwellinghouse. More common were grazhdas withbuilt-up courtyards, where barns with pits,a separated or single cattle shed and a wideroof were built. The most common weregrazhdas with two courtyards - ceremonialand farm ones. More simply variant werecourtyards located in front of the dwellinghouse separated by a barn. More complexvariant were grazhdas with a courtyard infront of the dwelling house and a courtyardon the floor side.A special attention was paid to designingestate, fence and outbuildings of thegrazhda.

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