OLDER ADULTS AS A SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC GROUP IN THE US SOCIETY

Н І Чаграк, В М Угринюк

Abstract


The article provides the analysisof the social and demographic characteristicsof older adults in the UnitedStates in the 1960–2010s. Scientific-andtechnologicaladvance and socio-economicdevelopment in the USA have led to asignificant change in the characteristicsand intensity of demographic process. Inthe USA, the percentage of older people isexpected to rise to about 25–30% by 2030,which means one in three persons will beover 60. It means that population ageing:a) will continue to influence a change inthe structure of the US population; thebirth rates decrease and the rise in lifeexpectancy causes a change in the structureof life course; b) affects all aspectsof social life including politics, economy,education, social and cultural activities.This article provides evidence that it isworthwhile to reconsider the traditionalapproach to the older adult needs. Thegrowing age group of older people haveto be ensured the adaptation to rapid economicand social changes. The state policyneeds rethinking in the approaches tohuman potential, recognizing older adultsas a valuable part of social and even economicresources, as this cohort is going towin a significant place in demographicand social structure. The social and demographicprofile of the US older adultcould be useful when encouraging olderpeople to participate in the developmentprocess of the country, including workforce, social life, education and culture.

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