PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTIVES OF CREATING AND USING THE FUND OF PROTECTED AREAS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM (ON THE EXAMPLE OF IVANO-FRANKIVSK OBLAST).

І Ф Калуцький, А Ю Рак

Abstract


The article deals withthe analysis of natural potential of Ivano-Frankivs oblast. Great amount of protectedareas and objects, including nationalparks and regional landscape parks showthat they are a solid base for intensivedevelopment of tourism and recreation inthe future.The study of areas and objects conservationin Ivano-Frankivsk oblast for twoperiods of twenty years (1971–1991 and1991–2011) before and after the declarationof the independence of Ukraine hasbeen carried out. On the basis of its analysisthe factors preventing from furtherwider usage of protected areas and objectshave been found out.Nature reserves, national parks andregional landscape parks have specificpossibilities permitting to form the uniqueeducational environment for communicationwith the local population, which isnecessary in competition conditions existingin preparation of certain territoriesfor reservation. The ways for improvingthe educational work among the localpopulation by means of specialists’ training,experience exchange between nativeand international nature reserving organizationshave been proposed.The analysis of protected areas andobjects conservation and preservation wasmade on the basis of regions and towns ofIvano-Frankivsk oblast. The study findsout that most protected areas are landsthat belong to the forest fund; in someareas the proportion of protected areasreaches 20%. The ways for creating areserve to expand protected areas,improve their use for development ofrecreation and tourism have been offered.

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