EDUCATION AS A FACTOR IN THE GROWTH OF THE WOMEN’ ROLE IN THE UKRAINIAN SOCIETY (1880s – BEGINNING OF THE XXTH CENTURY).

В С Шандра

Abstract


The article dealswith education, which has become the mainfactor in the growth of the role of women inUkrainian society. It was clarifi ed why thestate paid less attention to women’s educationthan education for men. That motivatedthe private initiative and led to the establishmentof different types of schools for girls.The attention was paid to the differences ineducational disciplines and to the amountof knowledge provided by schools for girlscompared to schools for boys. It was foundout how women’s gymnasia developed. Thedynamics of the opening of these educationalinstitutions was studied. The attention ispaid to the fact that the need to be educatedthe girls from middle and upper socialstrata demonstrated more quickly comparedwith the lower ones. It was found that thegirls did not satisfy the prohibition of universityeducation, and therefore they went tostudy to Zurich and this was a motivatingfactor for establishing higher female coursesin major Ukrainian cities. The spreadingof the institution of women’s educationdid not remove the need for the existenceof elite schools, which were considered institutionsof noble ladies. They continuedto exist, although democratized in terms ofthe social origin of their pupils. Particularattention was also paid to the functioningof vocational schools, the growth rates ofwhich signifi cantly increased every decade,as well as the knowledge and practical skillsthat could be obtained there. Thanks to education,girls started to work in such fi eldsas pedagogy, medicine, post, public service,as well as to achieve equal rights in societyand electoral rights. Consideration of thespreading of women’s education is carriedout with the identifi cation of the attitude ofstate institutions, the public and individualpersons towards the aspirations of girls toacquire education and become full membersof society.

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