TRANSMIGRATION MOVEMENT FROM UKRAINIAN LANDS AND ITS CAUSES (LATE XIXth – EARLY XXth CENTURIES).

М І Жилєнкова

Abstract


The articleanalyzes the causes, course and consequencesof migrations of the peasantry fromUkrainian provinces to the Asian part of theRussian Empire after the peasant reform of1861 and the beginning of the 20th century.The main attention is paid to highlightingthe role of the State Duma in the formationand implementation of state resettlementpolicy, as well as the activities of zemstvosin this context. It was established that in theparliament, along with unconditional supportfor the actions of the government, therewere also many critics in his address. Deputiesin the speeches often emphasized theneed for «decisive action» to streamline thetransmigration movement. The Ukrainianprovincial and district zemstvos carried outsystematic work with resettles.It is established that during the period1896–1914 from Ukraine to Asiatic Russiamoved 1 619 520 people. The largest fl owof migrants (more than 200 thousand) wasfrom Poltava, Chernihiv and Katerynoslavprovinces. The small scale of migration fromPodillya and Volyn provinces was caused bya number of reasons, in particular the presenceof a large number of German colonists,and the departure of the population in theoverseas countries.The consequences of the transmigrationmovement to Siberia and Turkestan werecontroversial and ambiguous. The socialstructure of the village has changed, wherethe number of middle and wealthy groupshas increased. At the same time in the stepperegion there was a shortage of workers duringthe harvest. At the same time, the returnof a signifi cant proportion of migrants hasaggravated dissatisfaction in the peasantenvironment.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.