LANGUAGE, IDENTITY, RELIGION. UKRAINIANS AND LEMKOS IN GORZÓW AND ITS VICINITY.

Е - Ґолаховська

Abstract


The connection between religion andnational identity in the countries of East-Central Europe in the 20th century is a wellknownand relatively well-described phenomenon.In recent years, the researchershave focused on young representatives ofvarious religious and national groups whoare redefi ning their national or religiousidentities, making their self-assessment innew (social and political) circumstances.The background of these phenomena is aborderland with its characteristics, whichinclude: language contacts, multilingualism,multiculturalism, multi-ethnicity andcomplex identities of its inhabitants. Theaim of the article is to present the contemporary,multi-faith nature of the Operation Vistula victims resettled into the areaof Gorzów Wielkopolski. These people andtheir descendants are now the followers ofthe Western Catholic, Eastern Catholic andOrthodox Church and use Polish, Ukrainian,Church Slavonic or Lemko as a languageprescribed for the spiritual sphere. In thispaper, I am going to discuss the connectionsbetween religion, language and identity inLubusz area, a very specifi c region wherethe mentioned religions are cultivated by thedisplaced and remain an important indicatorof their identity in the conditions of newmulti-ethnicity and multiculturalism.The subject of identity, religion and languageof Ukrainians and Lemko people inthe western and northern territories of Polandhas already been explored by culturalanthropologists, historians and linguists.There have never been, however, any studiesfocusing on the relations between language,religion and national identity consideredfrom the interdisciplinary perspective, theprevious researches being conducted onlywithin the individual areas.

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