FOR THE 80th ANNIVERSARY OF PROFESSOR Y.S. КALAKURA AND THE 55th ANNIVERSARY OF HIS SCIENTIFIC AND PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY.

В С Великочий, С М Дерев’янко, П П Вичівський

Abstract


The article covers the main stagesof life and scientifi c and pedagogical activityof Professor Yaroslav Stepanovich Kalakuri.The main scientifi c achievements ofthe prominent historian are analyzed. Hispersonal contribution to the developmentof Ukrainian historical science, in particular,historiography, source study, archivalstudies, is considered. It was emphasizedthat in the newest studies on historiographyY.S. Kalakur investigates the evolutionof the historiographical situation, the leadingtendencies of development and increaseof historical knowledge, beginning with theprincely times and completing the contributionto the institutionalization of Ukrainianhistoriography by M.S. Hrushevsky and thehistoriographic work of modern historians.An important place in these works was theissue of the de-communization of Ukrainianhistoriography, its fi nal break with the methodologyof the party-class and formationalapproach to history, the establishment ofa civilized understanding of the historiographicalprocess, the positive effects ofanthropological, cultural and informationturning, which fundamentally changed thenature and methodology of cognitive activityof historians. The attention of Y.S. Kalakur’sintelligence is of a problematic and thematicnature, its range is quite wide: it is the questionof historical memory, the interaction ofthe historian and authorities, the Ukrainianrevolution, the Holodomor in Ukraine, theUkrainian spirituality and historiosophy ofTaras Shevchenko, Ukrainian-Turkish relationsof the Cossack era, etc. The authoremphasized the need to protect the historicalmemory of Ukraine from the Kremlinneo-expansion, isolation from the conceptsof Russian historians of great-power orientation,intensifi cation of professional discussions,consistent dissolution of thoughtsand refutation of falsifi cations of Ukrainianhistory in Russian historiography, counteractionto the attempts of the latter to imposea distorted idea on the Ukrainian past andpresent on the world. These problems havebecome particularly relevant in the contextof Putin’s aggression, the annexation of theCrimea and the support of separatist andterrorist forces in the Donbas.

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