THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COMPUTER TECHNIQUE AND ITS ACQUISITION FOR HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF UKRAINE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XXITH CENTURY: HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE PROBLEM.

Р.Я. Ріжняк

Abstract


The aim of writing this article is to study the historiographical trends and stages of development of scientific thought on the history of computer technology in our country and evolution of hardware and telecommunication support of higher education establishments in Ukraine during the second half of the XXth century – the early XXIth century. The conducted research concerning the analysis of historiography creation and acquisition of computer facilities of computer technology for Ukrainian universities enables the following conclusions: 1. We have identified two historiographical stages, which include the existing research on the evolution of creating computers in Ukraine and the acquisition by methods of computer technology of universities of our country. The first stage – the historical study of the Soviet period (first half of the twentieth century to the late 80s), analysis of which shows that the subject of scientific and historical analysis of the creation, development and implementation of computer technology in higher education of Ukraine has not been the subject of detailed study in historical scientific literature. The second stage – the historical study during the period of Independent Ukraine (since the early 90s of the XXth century to the present day), which has the objective nature of presentation of materials on the development of informatics tools not only in Ukraine, but also in the Soviet Union in whole. 2. Considering that this study will provide an opportunity to clarify the evolution of the more general problem of formation and development of science – study of the evolution of scientific thought about the formation of Informatics as a science, peculiarities of the development of information and communication technologies in the higher school of Ukraine, it can be concluded that it is important and promising.

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