DOMINANT CHANGES IN SOCIAL AND LEGAL STATUS OF LEFT-BANK COSSACKS IN THE SECOND HALF OF XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

С. М. Цигульський

Abstract


In the research the author made an attempt to identify the main tendencies that occured in the legal framework and social situation of such segment of social structure, as Left-bank Cossacks, for a specified period. Old feudal estate system was transformed and changed. Radical reforms were introdused in the state mechanism and management system. Reforms touched on Cossacks too. The author made an attempt to analyze the dynamics and development of land issue, that prevailed in the social and economic problems of Cossacks, to investigate the fiscal policy of the state toward the Left-bank Cossacks. Attention must be paid also to the influence of the military reforms on Leftbank Cossack’s old feudal privilege, that made significant difference among the settlers of Poltava and Chernihiv regions.

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