THE SACRAL ARCHITECTURE OF TRANSCARPATHIA: CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTS OF USAGE IN THE EXCURSION ACTIVITY

Г.М. Гуменюк

Abstract


The article studies historical aspects of excursion business development in the territory of Ukraine, in particular in the territory of Transcarpathian region. Determined, that in the Transcarpathian region on rather small area focused a significant part of the monuments of history, architecture and culture. This region has well preserved customs and ceremonies, original folklore, arts and crafts, which also enhances the tourist interest and is an important recreational resource. The Transcarpathian region is known for rich sacred and spiritual heritage. The region from ancient times was inhabited by the nations with different religious. Saved churches, Roman-Catholic churches, synagogues, monasteries are the beauty of the area and a prerequisite for the development of religious and pilgrimage tourism. Also determined that the significant achievement of Transcarpathia are monasteries, wooden churches and stone temples. In Transcarpathia there are 118 wooden churches and more than 20 monasteries. The most famous among them – the Ascension Monastery in the village Chumalevo Tiachiv district, the Mukachevo and the St. Nicholas feminine and the St. Panteleimon masculine monasteries. Thus, it was confirmed that Transcarpathia is one of the most promising regions for the development of pilgrimage. The mass of the pilgrims in the total quantity of tourists grows, but a significant disadvantage is the fact that most of the tours are conducted by guides without professional training. Taking into account the problems and prospects of development of excursion activity in the region, one should set a target of establishment, maintenance, reproduction and protection of excursion cult objects and infrastructure development, which in complex will expand the range of consumers, tourists, increase the investment rating of the region and the competitiveness of the tourism product. Strategically important is the establishment of partnerships in the region between religious denominations, as well as to strengthen contacts with local authorities and to establish international cooperation

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